Concord, Stewart Leith Master - 1827
By this Public Instrument of Declaration and Protest Be it known to all whom it may concern that on the eighth day of September in the Year of Our Lord One thousand eight hundred and twenty seven personally came and appeared in the British Consulate in this City of Buenos Ayres in South America Stewart Leith Master of the Brig or Vessel called the "Concord" of Aberdeen North Britain of the burthen of Two hundred and ten tons 86/94 or thereabouts belonging to Andrew Oldman Merchant, John Chalmers and others of Aberdeen in the County of Aberdeen North Britain who made Oath and declared that the said Brig "Concord" being duly cleared out at the Custom House in London bound for the Port of Monte Video in South America with a general cargo and sailed from Gravesend on or about the seventh of the same month that nothing particular occurred during the voyage until the twenty-seventh of April when at about 7 am saw a schooner & a ship to the northward at Meridian being in about Lat 34° 20' S Long 53° 0 West.
The said Appearer found that the Schooner was fastly approaching towards the Brig that at about 1-30pm on the 28th the said schooner fired a shot at the Deponent's vessel and hoisted Brazilian colours upon which the said Appearer hove to when the Schooner rAn under his Lee, hauled, and ordered the Master to come on board with all his papers and letter Bags while the Deponent was getting them ready having ordered the boat to be lowered, he was again hailed from the schooner and told that if he did not be quick in bringing his letters and papers his Brig would be fired at and at the same time ordered him to tack to the Eastward which orders were complied with and at about 2 pm the said Appearer got on board the Schooner which he afterwards found to be the "Vencedor de Ituzanigo" Buenos Ayrean Privateer commanded by J.J. Coste.
On the said Deponent's
proceeding into the cabin with his Papers the Captain said he had a damned
good mind to have fired into this Brig. On looking over the papers he
said "I observe you are cleared out for Monte Video and I therefore
have to inform you that this Schooner is not a Brazilian but a Buenos
Ayrean vessel." He then gave orders to haul down the Brazilian Flag
and hoist the Buenos Ayrean Colours at the same time ordering a Gun to
be fired. Two Officers and four Seamen armed were sent off in the said
Deponent's boat to take charge of the aforesaid Brig "Concord"
and himself together with a Passenger called Mariano Pereira and his boat's
Crew consisting of four seamen were detained on board the Schooner. When
the Boat got on board the Brig Captain Coste ordered the Schooner to be
steered E by S.
After the said Deponent's papers and letters were examined and read Captain Coste then said that there were nine cases marked "MA" containing pistols on board the Brig which he should take out and that if they were not cleared away by ten o'clock the next day, he had a great mind to send the vessel to Rio Negro where he could have an opportunity of overhauling the Cargo to his satisfaction
upon which the said
Appearer and Deponent said that if he did so he should expect to be amply
paid for being sent thither as there was no plea whatever for it, not
even for his detaining him from proceeding on his voyage. Captain Coste
further said that if he had made up his mind to send the vessel to Rio
Negro and could find no plea against her after she got into Port that
it would not be worth Deponent's while to apply to the Court for redress
as it might be twelve months before any decision would be obtained and
that the expense of keeping the boat there would amount to more than any
sums of money he might recover for damages.
The Said Deponent
told him, Coste, that he had no right to overhaul or break out the Cargo
as he was in possession of a true and just manifest of the whole of the
goods on board and every other document relative to the Cargo and by which
he must know what was really on board the Brig. The said Coste then said
he would at all events endorse the Papers to prevent the Ship's going
to Monte Video or any Port on the Coast of Brazil as it was all Blockaded.
The aforesaid Brig
"Concord" was not in sight the next morning which the said Appearer
has no doubt was owing to the misconduct of the Officer sent on board.
Captain Coste then spoke the "Gertrude and Elizabeth" and enquired
for the Brig but was answered that they had not seen her upon which Coste
told the said Appearer that he would Cruize of the Cape of St Mary's for
six days in search of her and if he did not then fall in with her he would
run the Schooner into the Rio Salado and land the Deponent there.
A short time after
the Captain of the Adolph had left the schooner the said Deponent was
informed that a conversation had taken place between the Boat's Crew belonging
to the aforesaid Brig "Adolph" and the people of the Schooner
stating that the said Brig the "Concord" had been recovered
by H.M Ship "Ranger" and was then under her protection. The
said Appearer has every reason to imagine that this intelligence was communicated
to Captain Coste and which was the reason of his changing the course he
had otherwise intended to steer in order to land him at the Rio Salado.
The said Appearer's seamen had been repeatedly tempted to enter on board the Schooner but had always refused to do so and it was only from fear of personal violence that they worked having heard the Captain threaten to shoot the second Mate of the Hamburgh vessel who was likewise detained on board the Schooner for refusing to do so. On this watering party William Mitchell and Robert Burwood with fifteen others were left behind on shore as a party of Negroes came down to attack the boats and the Deponent has heard that Robert Burwood was killed and one of the boats was destroyed by them.
The following morning as sloop of war hove in sight supposed to be a Brazilian when the Privateer slipped her cable and went to sea. On the 20th May in the Lat 21°S and Longitude 38° 0 W Captain Coste sent the said Appearer on board the British Brig "Huskisson" which he detained and dispatched to the Rio Negro.
He the said Coste
took from this Deponent the Cocket of the nine cases marked MA, the Certificate
of the Brazilian Consul in London which is of the greatest importance
to this Appearer in his transactions with the Brazilian Authorities at
the port for which the vessel was cleared out, and two bills of lading
with the letter in which they were enclosed although the said Deponent
strongly protested against his detention of the same and stated that he
should hold him responsible for so doing.
anchored off the Rio Negro on the 21st of June but not being able to get
into the river she was run to the Bay of St. Blas where she anchored on
the twenty fourth of the same month and the said appearer reached Patagones
on the 28th where he then heard that the Brig "Concord" was
at Monte Video.
He was however obliged
to remain in Patagones until the eighth of August when he embarked on
board the "Lilia" bound to the River Plate she being the first
vessel which sailed after his arrival. On the twenty second of the same
month she anchored off the Tuyú and commenced landing her Cargo
when the said Appearer left her and traveled over land to Buenos Ayres
where he arrived on the fourth of September 1827.
Register - 1827 -
Ship, sheathed with copper over boards in 1825, 215 tons, single deck with
beams, Master S. Leith, 12 years old, Survey Port: Aberdeen, draws 12 feet
when loaded, Owners Allen & Co. , Proved Iron Cables, vessel rated as
E (second class) 1 (materials of first quality) Stewart Leith had been on
this ship on voyages to Pernambuco in 1824 & 1825. In 1829 Lloyds Register
shows S. Leith as master of the Concord on a voyage to Pernambuco.
The war between
the Empire of Brazil and the government in Buenos Ayres
in December 1825 because of Buenos Aires' annexation of the Banda Oriental
(East bank of the river Uruguay).
© The form of presentation of this information is the copyright of Cathy Murray & Jeremy Howat, 2006
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